The use of data-based problem solving to make decisions is a critical component of MTSS implementation. Data-based problem solving should occur to address academic and behavior outcomes, as well as barriers to school-wide implementation of MTSS.

While several models for data-based problem solving exist, the basic four-step of a problem solving approach are: 1) define goals and objectives to be obtained, 2) identify possible reasons why the desired goals are not being obtained, 3) develop a plan for implementing evidenced-based strategies to obtain goals, 4) evaluate the effectiveness of the plan.

This workshop familiarized teams with the four-step problem solving approach, and the application of this approach across schools, content areas, grade levels and classrooms to make decisions promoting student success.



Prior to attending the Workshop, participants reviewed MTSS factsheet here and Critical Components Summary here.



PROBLEM SOLVING QUESTIONS

RESOURCE(S):
Four Step Problem Solving Model
Problem Solving Questions
Problem Solving Crosswalk
These questions are designed to assist teams in moving through a problem solving model. Each section of a basic, four-step model will be addressed in detail below.

STEP ONE: PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

RESOURCE(S):
Problem Solving Questions
General Questions for Core Instruction Problem Solving
Data Analysis For Decision Making
Problem Identification Flowchart
Universal Screening Recommendations K-12

Questions to consider:

1. Is there a problem?

2. Is this a Core, Supplemental or Intensive problem?


3. Is this the right problem to solve?

4. What is the magnitude of the problem?

STEP TWO: PROBLEM ANALYSIS

RESOURCE(S):
Problem Solving Matrix

Questions to Consider:

1. Is it a skill problem, or a performance problem?

2. What is our hypothesis about why the problem is happening?

3. Does data confirm/refute the hypothesis?

4. What other data might we need?

5. Is the hypothesis related to things that can't be changed?

6. Do we now have a precise problem statement?

STEP THREE: PLAN IMPLEMENTATION

RESOURCE(S):
Core Recommendations for Documentation

Questions to Consider:

1. What is the SMART goal?

2. What is the plan?

3. Is it "acceptable/attainable" and "realistic?"

4. How will we measure effectiveness?

5. How will we ensure integrity?

6. How often will we measure progress toward the goal?

STEP FOUR: PLAN EVALUATION

RESOURCE(S):
Problem Solving Questions

Questions to Consider:

1. Was the plan successful?

2. Did we implement with integrity?

3. Did we address the correct problem?

4. Where do we go from here?

Download the Participant Notes from this Session here:






Critical Components Resources Home MTSS Wikispace Home